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Version: 1.5.1

Dev Environment Setup

There are several ways to setup a local development environment for Kubernetes. The three most common ones are Minikube (docs), Docker Desktop and Kind (docs). Minikube provisions a local Kubernetes cluster on several Virtual Machines (via VirtualBox or something similar).

Docker Desktop, on the other hand, sets up Kubernetes cluster using a local Docker installation.

Kind provides lightweight Kubernetes clusters for Windows, Linux and Mac using an existing Docker installation.

Local Kubernetes cluster using Docker Desktop

In this tutorial, we will base all the installs on Docker Desktop. Even in this case we can use a lightweight minikube setup which gives the same functionality with less impact.


Download and install Docker Desktop. Newer Docker versions have an embedded version of Kubernetes so no additional installation is needed. Follow the instructions here to get Kubernetes up and running within Docker Desktop. Alternatively, a Kind cluster may be created (see instructions here.

Once Kubernetes is started in Docker Desktop, you should see something similar to this:

Kubernetes in Docker Desktop

This means that:

  1. Kubernetes is running.
  2. The command line tool kubectl is installed in the /usr/local/bin directory.
  3. The Kubernetes context is set to docker-desktop.

Deploy and access dashboard

Optionally, after setting up Kubernetes you may wish to deploy the Kubernetes Dashboard Web UI. The dashboard may be deployed using the following steps:

  1. Follow the instructions here to deploy the dashboard.
  2. Start the Kubernetes proxy in the background from a terminal to get access on the dashboard on the local host:
    kubectl proxy &
  3. Access the dashboard here.

Access local Kubernetes cluster

The dashboard as deployed in the previous step requires a token or config to sign in. Here we use the token to sign in. The token is generated automatically and can be retrieved from the system.

  1. Retrieve the name of the dashboard token:
    kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep kubernetes-dashboard-token
  2. Retrieve the content of the token. Note that the token name ends with a random 5 character code and needs to be replaced with the result of step 1. As an example:
    kubectl -n kube-system describe secret kubernetes-dashboard-token-tf6n8
  3. Copy the token value which is part of the Data section with the tag token.
  4. Select the Token option in the dashboard web UI:
    Token Access in dashboard
  5. Paste the token value into the input box and sign in:
    Token Access in dashboard

Local Kubernetes cluster with Minikube

Minikube can be added to an existing Docker Desktop install. Minikube can either use the pre-installed hypervisor or use a hypervisor of your choice. These instructions use HyperKit which is embedded in Docker Desktop.

If you want to use a different hypervisor then HyperKit make sure that you follow the generic minikube install instructions. Do not forget to install the correct driver for the chosen hypervisor if required. The minikube installation instructions can be found here.

Docker Desktop should have already installed HyperKit. To verify this, open a terminal and run: hyperkit. Any response other than hyperkit: command not found confirms that HyperKit is installed and on the path. If it is not found you can choose a different hypervisor or fix the Docker Desktop install.

Installing Minikube

  1. Install minikube, either via brew or directly via these steps:
    curl -Lo minikube
    chmod +x minikube
    sudo mv minikube /usr/local/bin
  2. Install HyperKit driver (required). You can either use brew or directly via these steps:
    curl -LO
    sudo install -o root -g wheel -m 4755 docker-machine-driver-hyperkit /usr/local/bin/
  3. Update the minikube configuration to default to using HyperKit:
    minikube config set vm-driver hyperkit
  4. Change Docker Desktop to use minikube for Kubernetes:
    Kubernetes in Docker Desktop: minikube setting

Deploy and access the cluster

After the installation is done you can start a new cluster.

  1. Start the minikube cluster:
    minikube start --kubernetes-version v1.24.7
  2. Start the minikube dashboard:
    minikube dashboard &

Build impact

When you create images make sure that the build is run after pointing it to the correct cluster. Without setting the environment minikube might not find the docker images when deploying the scheduler.

  1. Make sure minikube is started.
  2. In the terminal where you will run the build, execute:
    eval $(minikube docker-env)
  3. Run the image build from the yunikorn-k8shim repository root:
    make image
  4. Deploy the scheduler as per the normal instructions.

Local Kubernetes Cluster with Kind

Kind (Kubernetes in Docker) is a lightweight tool for running lightweight Kubernetes environments. It is very easy to test different Kubernetes versions with Kind by specifing the version during cluster setup.


If you have go installed, you can run:

go install

Other installation methods can be found on the Kind website.

Kind version 0.15 is required for Kubernetes 1.25 or later. Later versions of Kind add Kubernetes 1.26, 1.27 and 1.28. Check the Kind release notes for the specific Kubernetes releases supported.

Using Kind

To test a new version of Kubernetes, you can pull a corresponding image from kind's repository.

For example, to create a cluster running Kubernetes 1.26.6:

kind create cluster --name test --image kindest/node:v1.26.6

Kind will download the appropriate image and launch a new cluster named test. The active Kubernetes cluster will also be changed to test.

To delete the kind cluster:

kind delete cluster --name test

Loading your images

In order to use a local image, you have to load your images into kind's registry. If you run make image, you could use the following command to load your kind image. This assumes AMD64 architecture.

The scheduler, web-ui and admission-controller examples are below:

kind load docker-image apache/yunikorn:scheduler-amd64-latest
kind load docker-image apache/yunikorn:web-amd64-latest
kind load docker-image apache/yunikorn:admission-amd64-latesta

If running on an ARM system, replace amd64 with arm64 above.

Debug code locally

The scheduler may be run locally for debugging. This example assumes you have installed the GoLand IDE for development.

In GoLand, open the yunikorn-k8shim project. Then click "Run" -> "Debug..." -> "Edit Configuration..." to get the pop-up configuration window. Note, you need to click "+" to create a new profile if the Go Build option is not available at the first time.

Debug Configuration

Set the following values in the dialog (as shown):

  • Run Kind: Package
  • Package path:
  • Working directory: Project base directory (yunikorn-k8shim)
  • Program arguments: Empty
  • Environment: If KUBECONFIG is not set globally, ensure it is set here. Additionally, you may want to set NAMESPACE=yunikorn, as otherwise YuniKorn will look for the yunikorn-configs ConfigMap under the default Kubernetes namespace.

Once the changes are done, click "Apply", then "Debug". You will need to set proper breakpoints in order to debug the program.

Debug the scheduler plugin

The scheduler may also be run in plugin mode. In this mode, the YuniKorn scheduler is built on top of the default scheduler and runs as a plugin (rather than completely standalone). Functionally, it performs the same tasks, but relies on the upstream Kubernetes scheduler codebase for common functionality.

The run configuration for the scheduler in plugin mode is as follows:

  • Run Kind: Package
  • Package path:
  • Working directory: Project base directory (yunikorn-k8shim)
  • Program arguments:
  • Environment: If KUBECONFIG is not set globally, ensure it is set here. Additionally, you may want to set NAMESPACE=yunikorn, as otherwise YuniKorn will look for the yunikorn-configs ConfigMap under the default Kubernetes namespace.

Additionally, before running for the first time, run make init from a terminal in the root of the yunikorn-k8shim repository. This will generate the contents of conf/scheduler-config-local.yaml, which is required.

Access remote Kubernetes cluster

This setup assumes you have already installed a remote Kubernetes cluster. For a generic view on how to access a multiple cluster and integrate it follow the accessing multiple clusters documentation from Kubernetes.

Or follow these simplified steps:

  1. Get the Kubernetes config file from remote cluster, copy it to the local machine and give it a unique name i.e. config-remote
  2. Save the KUBECONFIG environment variable (if set)
  3. Add the new file to the environment variable
    export KUBECONFIG=$KUBECONFIG:config-remote
  4. Run the command kubectl config view to check that both configs can be accessed
  5. Switch context using kubectl config use-context remote-cluster
  6. Confirm that the current context is now switched to the remote cluster config:
    kubectl config get-contexts
    docker-desktop docker-desktop-cluster docker-for-desktop
    * remote-cluster kubernetes kubernetes-admin

More documentation can be found here.