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Version: 1.1.0

K8s Scheduler Plugin


YuniKorn (on Kubernetes) is traditionally implemented as a ground-up implementation of a Kubernetes scheduler. This has allowed us to innovate rapidly, but is not without its problems; we currently have numerous places where we call into non-public K8S source code APIs with varying levels of (code) stability, requiring sometimes very disruptive code changes when we switch to new Kubernetes releases.

Ideally, we should be able to take advantage of enhancements to new Kubernetes releases automatically. Using the plugin model enables us to enhance the Kubernetes scheduling logic with YuniKorn features. This also helps keep YuniKorn compatible with new Kubernetes releases with minimal effort.

Additionally, it is desirable in many cases to allow non-batch workloads to bypass the YuniKorn scheduling functionality and use default scheduling logic. However, we have no way to do that today as the default scheduling functionality is not present in the YuniKorn scheduler binary.

Since Kubernetes 1.19, the Kubernetes project has created a stable API for the Scheduling Framework, which allows plugins to be created which implement various extension points. Plugins implement one or more of these extension points, and are then compiled into a scheduler binary which contains the default scheduler and plugin code, configured to call into the plugins during normal scheduling flow.


We have added a scheduler plugin to the k8s-shim codebase which can be used to build a Kubernetes scheduler binary that includes YuniKorn functionality as well as the default scheduler functionality, significantly improving the compatibility of YuniKorn with upstream Kubernetes and allowing deployment of YuniKorn as the sole scheduler in a cluster with much greater confidence.

Separate docker images are created for the scheduler. The traditional YuniKorn scheduler is built as scheduler-{version} while the new plugin version is built as scheduler-plugin-{version}. Either can be deployed interchangeably into a Kubernetes cluster with the same helm charts by customizing the scheduler image to deploy.


The existing shim main() method has been relocated to pkg/cmd/shim/main.go, and a new main() method under pkg/cmd/schedulerplugin/main.go has be created. This method instantiates the default Kubernetes scheduler and adds YuniKorn to it as a set of plugins. It also modifies the default scheduler CLI argument parsing to add YuniKorn-specific options. When the YuniKorn plugin is created, it will launch an instance of the existing shim / core schedulers in the background, sync all informers, and start the normal YuniKorn scheduling loop.

Shim Scheduler Changes

In order to cooperate with the default scheduler, the shim needs to operate slightly differently when in plugin mode. These differences include:

  • In postTaskAllocated(), we don’t actually bind the Pod or Volumes, as this is the responsibility of the default scheduler framework. Instead, we track the Node that YK allocated for the Node in an internal map, dispatch a new BindTaskEvent, and record a QuotaApproved event on the Pod.
  • In postTaskBound(), we update the Pod’s state to QuotaApproved as this will cause the default scheduler to re-evaluate the pod for scheduling (more on this below).
  • In the scheduler cache, we track pending and in-progress pod allocations, and remove them if a pod is removed from the cache.

Plugin Implementation

To expose the entirety of YuniKorn functionality, we implement three of the Scheduling Framework Plugins:


PreFilter plugins are passed a reference to a Pod and return either Success or Unschedulable, depending on whether that pod should be considered for scheduling.

For the YuniKorn implementation, we first check the Pod to see if we have an associated applicationId defined. If not, we immediately return Success, which allows us to delegate to the default scheduler for non-batch workloads.

If an applicationId is present, then we determine if there is a pending pod allocation (meaning the YuniKorn core has already decided to allocate the pod). If so, we return Success, otherwise Unschedulable. Additionally, if an in-progress allocation is detected (indicating that we have previously attempted to schedule this pod), we trigger a RejectTask event for the YuniKorn core so that the pod will be sent back for scheduling later.


Filter plugins are used to filter out nodes that cannot run a Pod. Only Pods which pass the PreFilter stage are evaluated.

For the YuniKorn plugin, we follow similar logic to PreFilter, except that we also validate that the pending pod allocation matches the node YuniKorn chose for the pod. If the node matches, we transition the pending allocation to an in-progress allocation. This helps ensure that we stay in sync with the default scheduler, as it is possible that we allow an allocation to proceed but the bind fails for some reason.


The PostBind extension point is used informationally to notify the plugin that a pod was successfully bound.

The YuniKorn implementation uses this to clean up the outstanding in-progress pod allocations.